Eclipse Turbo Systems.

Eclipse Turbo Systems ECL1HZMANIFOLD Eclipse Turbo Systems 1HZ/1HD Split Pulse Manifold

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Eclipse Turbo Systems Flowed Landcruiser 4.2 (Multifit) Split Pulse Exhaust Manifold.

Engineered and manufactured from high quality stainless steel, using the lost wax/precision casting method, the Eclipse range of turbochargers are designed in conjunction for use with this “true split pulse” exhaust manifold for increased drivability. 

Throughout the design and development of the Eclipse Turbo Systems ENGINE SPECIFIC turbocharger range, extensive testing has been carried out on the full range of factory Landcruiser 4.2 engine exhaust runners and exhaust manifold systems.  Hot gas bench tests (fuel and gas flow based) as well as real world chassis dyno results confirm areas of the factory exhaust manifold system in need of improvements, in both design and execution.

Turbocharged 1HZ engine specific based tests have shown a lack of flow and interrupted pulse energy resulting in high thermal loads and exhaust manifold pressure in the engine's lower rpm with the use of the 1HD-T factory exhaust manifold system.  Thermal containment (loss of heat) is also noted.  The development and introduction of a "split pulse" manifold, consisting of directional flow (with as little impedance and pressure changes as possible) and correct material/thickness for thermal containment has improved low rpm response and drivability.

"Split Pulse" refers to dividing the odd and even firing order of the engine.  Landcruiser's 4.2 1HZ, 1HD-T, 1HD-FT and 1HD-FTE firing order is 1-4-2-6-3-5 meaning every alternating cylinder fires from either the first bank of 3 cylinders at the front of the engine, or the second bank of 3 cylinders at the back of the engine.  The introduction of a divider between the two banks now stops each pressure pulse from reaching the second bank of cylinders allowing for a stronger and uninterrupted pulse/flow.  This design results in a stronger pulse in the lower stages of turbocharger spool, increasing the amount of energy sent to the turbine.

"Multi-Fit" refers to the design of the exhaust manifold where it bolts to the factory Landcruiser's engine head.  Flowing from the square 1HD-FT/1HD-FTE ported exhaust runners into a cylindrical shape for maximum flow, it also incorporates the shape/flow criteria for use with the 1HZ and 1HD-T engines.

The exhaust manifold runners are designed to harness and direct the exhaust gas flow towards the turbine with as little drag or pressure changes as possible, while maintaining velocity.  Working within the conforms of the factory exhaust port runners and the Toyota CT26 turbocharger bolt pattern/position, this exhaust manifold has been flow tested to the highest standards achievable.

Results from a factory CT26 turbocharger running 11psi intercooled.  A gain of 30nm at the wheels is achieved by only changing the Toyota factory turbo exhaust manifold to the Eclipse Turbo System's Landcruiser 4.2 Exhaust Manifold.  A 10% gain overall from 1100rpm is achieved.  The Eclipse Turbo System's Landcruiser 4.2 Exhaust Manifold exhibits these results by design.

SPECIFICATIONS

Understanding Pulse Energy:
Pressure waves travel roughly 3 times faster than exhaust gas flow. Pressure pulses are created from the exhaust valve opening with the duration and pressure of the pulse being dictated by the engines RPM and the exhaust stroke of the piston. Every pressure pulse, is followed shortly behind by a very important vacuum pulse! This vacuum pulse is what helps to accelerate the exhaust gas flow allowing more gas to leave the cylinder faster, thus scavenging the cylinder of hot exhaust gasses (Hot gasses are what drives the turbine on Turbo Diesels). Harnessing the pulse energy just allows more of these gasses that would otherwise remain in the cylinder to be utilized by the turbine, and why the biggest gains of pulse energy are made in the lower RPM.

 


Single Cylinder Cycle Test
Here we look at an all too common issue with open log manifold designs. The firing order on a Landcruiser 4.2 is (1-4-2-6-3-5) meaning the opening of the exhaust valve alternates between the front 3 cylinders and the rear 3 cylinders (Front bank, Rear bank). With the use of an open log manifold the pressure pulses from the front 3 cylinder can interfere with the valve opening pulse of the rear 3 cylinders – diluting and weakening the pulse energy of all 6 cylinders with the gas flow also being disrupted and reduced. The Split Pulse Manifold has been designed and tested for maximum flow, with divided runners (front bank to rear bank) running all the way down to the turbochargers volute entry. The pressure pulse can still be weakened at this point by the vacuum and pressure pulse of each bank, but even this simple design modification results in 10% more turbine drive and reduction in cylinder thermal load due to scavenging.

Results from a factory Toyota CT26 turbocharger and Factory Toyota turbocharger manifold  – VS –  the same factory Toyota CT26 turbocharger with Eclipse Split Pulse Manifold with no other changes.
A gain of 30nm (10% increase) at the wheels is achieved, at as low as 1100rpm. 

Chassis dyno split pulse manifold

Material
The new Eclipse Turbo Systems Split Pulse Manifolds are produced from a very high grade Ductile Cast Iron resulting in a very smooth finish, that also exceeds turbo diesel exhaust manifold thermal requirements.

Finish
The manifolds are high temperature ceramic coated (Matt Black) for added thermal energy control, lower engine bay temps and long lasting visual aesthetics.

Fitment
These manifolds are a Multi fit design. They utilise the square shape of the 1HDFT and 1HDFTE manifold and can be used on any of the Landcruiser 4.2 engine models with either gasket.

COMPATIBILITY

  • The following Toyota Landcruiser 4.2 engines:
    • 1HZ
    • 1HD-T
    • 1HD-FT
    • 1HD-FTE